Sunday, August 28, 2016

Understanding Binary Numbers

Here I will explain about the notion travel malang juanda of binary number. The number of binary or binary or binary digits (can be abbreviated became a bit) is one type of number systems. Binary number consists of digits 0 and 1.

Binary number in the computing world. Computers use binary number in order to communicate between components (hardware) as well as between fellow computer. Because computers only use machine language, i.e. If your computer get an electrical signal or voltage (Volt), means to be worth 1. If the computer does not get an electrical signal or voltage, mean value 0.

Binary number can be converted to another type of number systems such as decimal and octal. People often use the decimal numbers in life everyday. Binary number and type of other number systems of mutual drawing up each other. For example, binary number 00000010 is number 2 in decimal. As well as otherwise, in number 2 Decimal number 00000010, it means in a binary number.

Binary numbers are used also to construct a data or files contained in the computer. For example, there is a file size 1 MB (Mega Bytes). If 1 Byte = 8 bits, means the file is made up of hundreds of bits into a file.

Binary number is also used to communicate between fellow computer in a network. Because computers only understand Binary Numbers, then the computer menstransmisikan electrical signals to networked devices to communicate with one another. Binary number is very important in putting together a network of computers. To construct a binary number, the IP Address is very necessary.

The Question Of Understanding:

What is a binary number?
What is the usefulness of a binary number?
Why in the computer network required the existence of a binary number?
Binary number can be converted to other numbers?
How a file can be transferred to other computers?


Is one type of number systems. The number Binerter consists of the numbers 0 and 1.
Binary number can be used in humans to be able to communicate with the computer, as well as to be able to share existing resources.
For in computer networks, the computer requires communication with the network devices. To this end, the creation of binary number in order that humans are easily understood and understand the communication between computers and other devices.
Can. Binary number can be converted into any other number systems. An example of a binary number to Decimal. This is done to make it easier to recognize the human computer language.
By way of transfer of the groups/bit packages to another computer in accordance with the existing standards.

A Type Of Computer Network

Types of computer networks in general have kitchen set malang 5 kinds, namely LAN (Local Area Network), MAN (Metropolitan Area Network), WAN (Wide Area Network), Internet, and Wireless (without cable). In fact, the concept of the type of network the computer is the same, namely to link the various network devices to be able to communicate and share resources. The only difference is of his geological layout (includes regions and areas of the network) and the technology used (such as the use of different cable types, IP Addressing appropriate classes, and systems security (security) are different). So, I will expose about the types of computer networks, according to the sources I got, both from the teachers SMK N 3 Singaraja and softcopy or hadrcopy I have.

Lan (Local Area Network)

Figure: example of Network LAN

A Local Area Network or LAN, is a type of computer network with the local area. Using a variety of network devices that are fairly simple and popular, such as using a cable UTP (Unshielded Twisted-Pair), Hub, Switch, Router, etc. An example of such a computer on the LAN-connected computer at school, in the company, Internet café, as well as between neighbouring houses that still includes the LAN.

The advantage of using this type of LAN computer network such as more efficient in spending on operating costs, more efficient in the use of cable, data transfer between nodes and computer more quickly since it encompassed a narrow or local, and do not require telecommunications operators to set up a LAN network.

The loss of the use of this type of LAN network is network coverage more narrowly so as to communicate to the outside network becomes more difficult and the area coverage of data transfers is not so extensive.

Man (Metropolitan Area Network)

Figure: example of a network MAN

Metropolitan Area Network or MAN, is a type of computer network that is broader and more sophisticated types of computer network LAN. Called Metropolitan Area Network because of the type of network the computer MAN is regularly used for connecting computer networks from one city to another. To be able to make a network MAN, usually required the existence of a telecommunications operator to connect between computer networks. Examples include network Department of inter city or region and also the modern mall network interconnected between cities.

The advantage of this type of MAN'S computer network such as the wider network coverage so as to become more efficient, communicate the ease in terms of doing business, and also the security of the network for the better.

The disadvantage of this type of Network Computer MAN such as more use of operational costs, can be the target of the operation by the Cracker to take advantage, and for tissue repair MAN takes quite a long time.

Wan (Wide Area Network)

Figure: example of network WAN

Wide Area Network or WAN, a type of computer network that is broader and more sophisticated than other types of computer network LAN and MAN. JaringanWAN technology commonly used to connect a network with other countries or from one continent to the other continents. WAN network can consist of different types of LAN and WAN computer network because of the breadth of the area of coverage of the types of computer networks WAN. WAN network, usually using a fiber optic cable as well as implanting in the soil as well as passing through the underwater path.

The advantage of this type of computer network WAN as the wider network coverage of this type of computer network LAN and MAN, someone information became more secretive and generally because of a country to communicate with the others require more security, and also easier in developing as well as make it easier in terms of business.

The disadvantage of this type of Network WAN as operational costs needed to be more numerous, very vulnerable to the danger of theft of important data, care for WAN networks becoming more heavy.


Figure: example of a network the Internet

The Internet is a global computer network or global. Because the Internet is a network-connected computer networks worldwide, so communication and transfer data or files become easier. The Internet can be said to be a mix of different types of computer networks with Topology and type of networks that are interconnected to each other.

The advantage of this type of communication including the Internet network and share resources from one network to another network becomes easier, the dissemination of knowledge becomes more rapid, delivery information becomes faster and easier, and become the fields to earn

The disadvantage of this type of Internet network such as cyberspace crimes or cyber criminal into a broad, pornography is becoming increasingly widespread, the transaction illegal items such as drugs became rampant, and can also give rise to defamation because of the submission of incorrect information.

Wireless (Cordless)

Figure: example of a Wireless network

Wireless is a type of computer network that uses the medium of transmission of data without using cables. Media used, such as radio waves, infrared, bluetooth, and a microwave. Wireless LAN network into be enabled, MAN, or WAN. Wireless is intended for high-mobility needs.

The advantage of this type of Wireless network such as convenience to connect to the network without being restricted by cables, more towards users who require high mobility, and not too need a network cable.

The type of Wireless network such as loss of data transmission to the user that is slower than the use of a network with the cable, require strict security because people who are outside the network can break through into the Wireless network.

The Question Of Understanding:

How many types of computer networks?
A type of computer network which is used to meet the needs of high mobility and is not too frustrated by the use of a cable?
Network devices are often used to make a type of computer network LAN?
Does that make these types of computer networks, the Internet is highly favored by many people?
What is it that distinguishes from all types of computer networking?


For now, there are 5 types of computer networks. Because there is not a possibility for more advanced technologies in the future:).
By using this type of Wireless computer networks. Because Wireless is very useful for computer/laptop users who need high mobility to be able to connect to the network computer.
Typically, in establishing the type of LAN computer network used network equipment, switches, Hubs and routers.
Because the Internet can connect all kinds of computers can communicate with each other and also interact with one another making it easier for computer users to be able to share information and resources.
The thing that distinguishes from all type of this is the use of computer network technology and distance communication diigunakan.

Wednesday, June 8, 2016

Tips to Prevent Transmission of Leptospirosis

Leptospirosis is a sickness that is generally transmitted through rat urine. This sickness can next be transmitted to others, such as transmission through the genital and breast milk.

For humans, there is no vaccine the length of leptospirosis. The option vaccine to prevent it is easy to obtain to to the animals. However, animals that have been vaccinated are nevertheless susceptible to count types of leptospira bacteria that are not included in the vaccine definite. For that, we mannerism to retain and admit precautions to avoid contracting the sickness.

Here are some tips to prevent transmission.
1.Biasakan ourselves to always living a healthy liveliness. Make sure your body ample burning, similar to nap 8 hours a day.
2.Perbanyak foods containing protein, such as meat, milk, and cheese.
3.Cukupi needs of fruits and vegetables. If pungent, supplements or multivitamins that can assertion exaggeration endurance.
4.Simpan food and beverage in a safe and tidy, to avoid contamination of animals that could potentially transmit sickness.
5.Biasakan wash their hands as soon as soap previously eating, after do its stuff, after holding the animals, cleaning the residence and the kitchen, as expertly as new filthy places, as leptospira bacteria are rapidly killed by soap.
6.Sebelum drinking or mannerism in canned foods, make determined you wash or rinse the lid first. This is to prevent plagued leptospira bacteria considering they are stored in the warehouse accrual.
7.Pakailah protective clothing, such as member, masks, goggles, or boots bearing in mind nimble in a filthy place or behind handling animals.
8.Bersihkan where stagnant water, such as swimming pools regularly.
9. If the body is wound, cover it also a waterproof bandage, especially before edit subsequent to the soil, mud, or water that may be impure taking into account animal urine transmitters.
10.Biasakan wear shoes subsequent to outdoors, especially following the sports arena is damp or muddy.
11. Avoid the rats in the quarters or building.
12.Pastikan your pet acquire the vaccine. Perform health checks your pet to the vet regularly.

Living, Given on the 6th People's

SOMEONE, especially the husband as head of the associates has a answerability to have the funds for a animate. It means full of beans such as food, clothing and shelter to those who in take desire of fact must be obdurate idea it each and every one one of. Then, who is the person that must be it?

1. The wife and the person obliged to find the maintenance for him a busy is the husband; vital lively following a wife who is yet knocked out the sponsorship of her husband (not divorced), or lively under the be ill as a buzzing for women who are divorced by talaq raj'i previously era runs out iddahnya.

Rasulullah SAW said, "Know that rights on top of your wives (husbands) is that you should pay for the clothes, and the food was omnipresent to them," (At-Tirmidhi narrated, and he unexpectedly shahihkannya).

2. Women who are divorced by talaq ba'in back the iddahnya and shall meet the expense of him a vivacious person who is the husband who mentalaknya. That is the condition the woman is pregnant.

Allah Almighty says, "And if they (the wives who have divorced) was pregnant, subsequently have enough maintenance them their sentient taking place to their birth," (QS. Ath-Thalaq: 6).

3. Parents and people are entitled to pay for for his son. Because Allah Ta'ala says, "And tolerate you go to the fore supreme to both parents," (QS. Al-Baqarah: 83).

Also because someone asked the Prophet virtually people who most deserve satisfying behavior, subsequently he said, "Your mom said it three era--beliau, later your dad," (muttafaq Alaih).

4. Children who are little and people were obliged to give him a thriving is their father. Therefore, Allah Almighty says, "Then if they suckle (children) for you, furthermore have enough maintenance them their wages, and musywarahkanlah of you ably," (QS. Ath-Thalaq: 6).

Also because the Prophet SAW said, "The child said, 'Give me eat and to whom I thee malleability'" (Reported by Ahmad and Al-Daraqutni taking into account a saheeh sanad).
5. Maid and shall have the funds for him a bustling person who is his employer. Therefore, the Prophet SAW said, "Slaves (helpers) are entitled to food and clothes in a pleasurable quirk, and he was not burdened considering performance that he could not get sticking together of," (Narrated by Muslim).

6. Animals and people are obliged to pay for him a successful is the owner. Therefore, the Prophet SAW said, "A woman entered Hell because of a cat that is withheld to die of hunger; he did not feed him and make a benefit of not manageable it to memakav insects regarding the showground. "

The characteristics of an ungodly husband

SOMETIMES, in the family of things happen undesirable from both the wife and husband. Husband is not uncommon to perform actions that deviate from the provisions of Allah and violated the rights of his wife. Thus, the husband must know the characteristics of the act of disobedience against the wife, namely:

1. Making wife as Leader Household

From Abu Bakrah, he said, "Messenger of Allah said: 'do not be lucky a people led by a woman,'" (HR.Ahmad no.19612 Bukhari, Tirmidhi, and Nasa'i).

Prophet said that a people (including her husband) will never get the glory or fortune when it makes a woman (including his wife) leader. Forms of this misfortune is the loss of authority of the husband giving his wife an opportunity to apply at will in the household regardless of the opinion of her husband. Telling his wife earn a living and manage the affairs of the household, including his wife made as a leader. Husband who do so means violating the terms defined Allah and His Messenger.

2. Shopping abandoning wife

From 'Abdullah bin' Amr, he said, "Rasululluah said: 'a person is deemed innocent enough when he abandoned shopping people who are responsible,'" (HR.Abu Dawud no.1442, Muslim, Ahmad, and Thabarani).

From "Asyah ra, that Hind bint Utbah once said: 'O Messenger of Allah, verily Abu Sufyan is a miser and does not want to give me spending enough for me and my son, so I was forced taking of his property without his knowledge." He besabda:' Take just enough for yourself and your child with reasonable, "(HR.Bukhari no.4945, Muslim, Nasa'i, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, Ahmad and Darimi).

The husband who abandoned his wife and child shopping means have sinned. Husbands should realize that as long as he abandoned his wife shopping, for that he sinned against his wife. Therefore, he is obliged to apologize to his wife and then repent to Allah.

3. Do not Give A Safe Place

"Place them (the wives) where you dwell, according to your ability and do not trouble them to constrict (hearts). If they (wives at talaq) was pregnant, give them their living until they give birth, "(QS.Ath-Thalaaq (65): 6).

God explained to the husband who divorces his wife are required to continue to provide shelter for him during the prescribed period and must not reduce spending his or her out of the house because want to cause him or force him to return the treasure ever given to him or any other purpose. If the ex-wife who still within the prescribed period just got to get right to make a living and a good place to live, then it is a major and more mandatory again for his legal wife to get better treatment than that.

4. Refinance Mahar

Of Maimun Al-Kurady, from his father, he said: "I heard the prophet of Allah. (Said): 'any man who marries a woman with a dowry little or a lot, but in his heart intends will not fulfill what the rights of women , meaning it has been ignored. If he dies before fulfilling the rights of the woman, later on the Day of Judgment he will meet with God as one who fasiq, ' "(HR.Thabarani, Al-Mu; Jamul, Ausath II / 237/1851).

According to this hadith a husband who had set the dowry for his wife, but then did not pay the promised dowry to his wife, meaning fool or mengicuh his wife. If he does not have a dowry so she could borrow his wife.

In QS.Al-Baqarah (2): 237 explains that, "if you divorce your wife before you mix with them, when you have determined the dowry, pay half of the dowry that has you specify it, unless it's your wives have to forgive or be forgiven by those who hold the bonds of marriage. You pardon it is nearer to piety. You should not forget the kindness among you. Verily God is seeing what you are doing. "

5. Interest Mahar Without contentment Wife

"If you (the husband) wanted to replace wife with another wife, while you have given one of them was the dowry that a lot, do not you take it back a bit. Are you guys going to take it back in ways more subtle and manifest sin? How would you take it back, while you are with each other already intermingled (husband and wife) and their (your wives) have made a solid agreement with you, "(QS.An-Nisaa '(4): 20-21) ,

The verse prohibits a husband who asks or withdraw the dowry that had been given to her, either partially or wholly. The purpose of Islam sets the dowry in the marriage the wife is to respect the position that in the days before Islam does not have the right to own and control assets of any kind, either from parents or her husband.

6. Violating Terms Wife

"O ye who believe, fulfill your promises." (QS.Al-Maaidah (5): 1).

Allah commanded the believers to fulfill the promises he made to the people involved with the agreement. In this case, the husband and wife should fulfill the agreement that has been made, even the most worthy of such treaties are filled with the best.

7. Accuses Wife fornicate

"And those who accuse their wives committed adultery, even though they have no witnesses except themselves, then the testimony of one of them is swear four times by Allah that indeed he is among the righteous (the allegations) (7 ) and the fifth time (she say) that the curse of God will befall him if he turned out to belong to people who lie, "(QS.An-Nur (24): 6-7).

The verse gives provision to protect his wife from the husband accusations. Because the allegations could damage the honor and dignity of the wife. Therefore, it is necessary to regulate strictly the husband does not carelessly accuse his wife commit adultery without proof accounted for.

The act of despicable acts such as husband to wife;

1. Hit (Without Warning preemptively)
2. Pleasant Breaking Hearts wife with Religion
3. Invite Wife Sinning
4. forge wife with a sister or aunt
5. Weight Next to the Rotate Wife
6. Divorcing Wife Solehah
7. Expel wife of House

Wa'allahu knows best.

Married but not Connect, Can?

Ustadz, I am a woman who is getting married. For some reason, I do not love the man I would marry them. Ustadz, is it permissible in Islam conjugal living together without sexual intercourse? What position as the wife in Islam?


Wassalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh.

Sister MT, the following quotation from,


Not allowed in Shari'a, a pair of men and women who do not have to live in the same matrimony. Because it resembles a husband and wife who do not perform coitus as lovers is less precise penyerupaan.


To the married couple should understand that among the most noble purpose of marriage is to keep the pubic, self respect and the birth of offspring. That all is not possible without sexual intercourse.

Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam advocated precisely married to infertile women, even he banned most companions to marry the woman infertile.

From Ma'qil anhu Allaah ibn Yasar he said, "A man came to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and said," I got a woman who has wealth and position, only he did not give birth, if I could marry her? So he stopped him. Then came the second, he was forbidden, then comes the third, he was against it. Then he said,

تزوجوا الولود الودود فإني مكاثر بكم (رواه النسائي. (وصححه الألباني في "صحيح الترغيب 1921)

"Marry women of fertile and affectionate, I will take pride in the large number of you." (HR. Nasa'i, no. 3227, Abu Dawud, no. 2050. Declared authentic by Al-Albany in Sahih Targheeb, no. 1921 )

See the explanation of this hadith in the answer to question no. 32 668, see also the answer to question 13 492

The gathering of a husband and wife in a house without sexual intercourse, these things can happen and permissible if a husband and wife is old and does not have an orgasm again with each other. As if they both still have sexual intercourse orgasm, how they can be assembled without one another meet syahwatnya? Where she will channel her syahwatnya if not channeled to whom God has made lawful for him?

Likewise, it is conceivable occurrence and permissible if the wife is still young, but he's the pleasure of married people who are impotent or old age. And vice versa, that if a man married a woman who has an impairment does not have an orgasm or can not dijimak, while he was able to be patient while hoping a reward from Allah, or he has another wife to channel syahwatnya.


Experts jurisprudence has distinguished this problem into two parts;

1. Required at marriage is not lawful for both berjimak. These terms are not valid, then canceled anyway akadnya. This is the opinion jumhur (majority) of the clergy.

2. Required in a ceremony that no sexual intercourse. In this issue there are the details; The most powerful opinion that legitimate akadnya but the conditions of vanity, is not considered and is not worth either the condition of the husband, or wife, or from both.

(Al-Mausu'ah Al-Fiqhiyyah, 44/45)

The scholars in menghukumi distinguish between the two conditions above. The first condition, it is not permissible berjimak, while the second condition, required not perform sexual intercourse.

The explanation is as follows;

If specified in the marriage contract that sexual intercourse is not permissible, meaning that the husband after marrying his wife, the wife not lawful for him, then there is no difference of opinion among the scholars that this requirement is not valid. But they differed from the effect of these conditions on the validity of the contract. In this issue there are two opinions;

First: The majority of jurists from Shafi, Maliki and Hanbali bependapat that the terms and akadnya invalid. Because of these conditions were flawed and contradictory to the purpose of marriage. Because with that requirement, the marriage becomes meaningless, so like a fake contract.

Second: Hanafi found damaged condition, while akadnya legitimate. Because there are rules among Hanafi that marriage can not be canceled on condition damaged. While the terms may only cancel what is outside the contract.

As if it is required in the marriage contract does not perform sexual intercourse, then the differences in opinion on the legal fuqoha be three opinions;

1. Opinion Hanafi and Hanbali, are legitimate and the conditions akadnya aborted. Requirement is aborted because contrary to the purpose of the contract and contain the fall of rights that should be required for such a contract if not required. The akadnya remain valid, as these requirements are part exaggeration of the contract, then he would not cancel. The rule in the Hanafi school is that marriage can not be canceled on the condition of damaged, but the only proviso membatalakn what lies beyond the contract.

2. Opinion Maliki, that the condition was broken and akadnya also damaged. Because it occurs in the form that is prohibited by law. Then the Maliki disagree about the consequences when it occurs. Some argue that the wedding was canceled, either before or after intercourse takes place. There is also argued that marriage be canceled if not occurred relationship, and is set in case of intercourse, and the condition is aborted. This is the famous opinion in the Maliki school.

3. The Shafi'i school of thought argues, if the condition does not occur sexual intercourse, or may not be sexual intercourse except during the day or just once, for example, the wedding's off, if that condition came from the women, as contrary to the purpose of marriage. If the condition is sourced from her husband, it does not matter, because coitus is right. He should leave. While providing services is the obligation of the wife, then he should not leave her. "


A woman should not be willing to marriages of this kind, and it must be for a man not agree with women who did not want sexual intercourse between them. Should they both know that this is incompatible with the nature of the straight. God has created for every man to have a tendency towards women. Similarly, women are created have a tendency towards men.

Some people there who distribute syahwatnya to illicit street, some being channeled to road kosher. Marriage is God's teachings with permissible for men and women meet and mutual affection, and of them God made his descent.

Allah Ta'ala says,

والله جعل لكم من أنفسكم أزواجا وجعل لكم من أزواجكم بنين وحفدة ورزقكم من الطيبات أفبالباطل يؤمنون وبنعمت الله هم يكفرون (سورة النحل: 72)

"Allah has made for you wives of your own kind, and has given you from your wives, the children and grandchildren, and give sustenance of good things. Why then they believe in the falsehood and deny the favors of Allah? "(QS. An-Nahl: 72)

ومن آياته أن خلق لكم من أنفسكم أزواجا لتسكنوا إليها وجعل بينكم مودة ورحمة إن في ذلك لآيات لقوم يتفكرون (سورة الروم: 21)

"And among the signs of His power is that He created for you wives of your kind alone, that you tend to be and feel at ease to him and made him among you a sense of love and affection. Verily in this is truly there are signs for people who reflect. "(QS. Ar-Rum: 21)

Marriage is also a sunnah of the apostles alaihimusshalat was-salam, and they are the most important man.

Allah Ta'ala says,

ولقد أرسلنا رسلا من قبلك وجعلنا لهم أزواجا وذرية (سورة الرعد: 38)

"And We sent some Messengers before you and We gave them wives and offspring." (QS. Ar-Ra'd: 38)

هنالك دعا زكريا ربه قال رب هب لي من لدنك ذرية طيبة إنك سميع الدعاء (سورة آل عمران: 38)

"That's where Zakariya prayed to his Lord saying: 'Lord, grant me from You a good boy. Indeed, You are the Hearer of prayer ". (Qur'an, Ali Imran: 38)

Iron Not Created on Earth, Direct Rather Descended from the sky

"... And We sent down iron which contained her great strength and a wide range of benefits for humans ...." (Al-Hadid, QS 57: 25)

WORD 'We have sent a' special used for iron in the verse, can be interpreted figuratively to explain that iron was created for the benefit of mankind.

Iron is one of the elements is clearly stated in the Qur'an. In Surat al-Hadid, meaning "iron", we were told as follows:

But when we consider the literal meaning of the word, which "is material derived from the sky", we realize that this verse has a very important scientific miracle.

This is because modern astronomical discoveries have revealed that the iron metal found in the earth we come from giant stars in outer space.

Heavy metals in the universe is created and produced in the core of massive stars. However, our solar system does not have a structure suitable for producing iron independently.

Iron can only be created and produced in stars much larger than the sun, the temperature reaches a few hundred million degrees.

When the amount of iron exceeds a certain level in a star, the star can no longer bear it, and eventually explodes in what is called a "nova" or a "supernova".

As a result of this explosion, meteors containing iron are scattered all over the universe, and they move through a vacuum to pull by gravity experienced celestial body.

All this shows that iron metal is not formed in the earth but the shipment of stars that exploded in space via meteors and "sent down to earth", exactly as stated in the verse.

It is clear that this fact can not be scientifically known in the 7th century when the Qur'an was revealed.

The magic and uniqueness of iron not just stop there. Naturally the element iron has four isotopes, namely 54, 56, 57 and 58. The stable there are three, namely 56, 57 and 58. Of the three Isotopes 57 is the only one that has nuclear spin. Uniquely in the order of Surah Al Hadid (Iron) which is the 57th letter.

Indeed the Qur'an is a guide and a very bright light. All-True God Almighty with all his words.